Erbium Er metal sputtering targets CAS 7440-52-0
Country of Origin︰
US $ 200 / pc
Purity: Er/TREM: 99.9%, TREM>99%
Shape: Discs, disks, step disk, delta, plate, sheets or made per drawing
Diameter: 355.6mm (14") max.
Single piece Size: Length:<500mm, Width: <250mm, thickness:="">1mm, if larger size than this, we can do it as Tiles joint by 45 degree or 90 degree
Made sputtering targets method: vacuum melting
Melting point: 1802 K (1529 °C, 2784 °F) Boiling point: 3141 K (2868 °C, 5194 °F)
Density near r.t.: 9.066 g/cm3 atomic weight: 167.259
Erbium's principal uses involve its pink-colored Er3+ ions, which have optical fluorescent properties particularly useful in certain laser applications. Erbium-doped glasses or crystals can be used as optical amplification media, where Er3+ ions are optically pumped at around 980 or 1480 nm and then radiate light at 1530 nm in stimulated emission. This process results in an unusually mechanically simple laser optical amplifier for signals transmitted by fiber optics. The 1550 nm wavelength is especially important for optical communications because standard single mode optical fibers have minimal loss at this particular wavelength.
In addition to optical fiber amplifier-lasers, a large variety of medical applications (i.e. dermatology, dentistry) rely on the erbium ion's 2940 nm emission (see Er:YAG laser), which is highly absorbed in water in tissues, making its effect very superficial. Such shallow tissue deposition of laser energy is helpful in laser surgery, and for the efficient production of steam which produces enamel ablation by common types of dental laser.
Erbium's everyday uses are varied. It is commonly used as a photographic filter, and because of its resilience it is useful as a metallurgical additive.
Used in nuclear technology in neutron-absorbing control rods.
When added to vanadium as an alloy, erbium lowers hardness and improves workability.
Erbium oxide has a pink color, and is sometimes used as a colorant for glass, cubic zirconia and porcelain. The glass is then often used in sunglasses and cheap jewelry.
Erbium-doped optical silica-glass fibers are the active element in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs), which are widely used in optical communications.
The same fibers can be used to create fiber lasers. In order to work efficiently, erbium-doped fiber is usually co-doped with glass modifiers/homogenizers, often aluminum or phosphorus. These dopants help prevent clustering or Er-ions and transfer the energy more efficiently between the Er ions and the signal. Co-doping of optical fiber with Er and Yb is used in high-power Er/Yb fiber lasers. Erbium can also be used in erbium-doped waveguide amplifiers.
An erbium-nickel alloy Er3Ni has an unusually high specific heat capacity at liquid-helium temperatures and is used in cryocoolers; a mixture of 65% Er3Co and 35% Er0.9Yb0.1Ni by volume improves the specific heat capacity even more.
A large variety of medical applications (i.e. dermatology, dentistry) utilize erbium ion's 2940 nm emission (see Er:YAG laser), which is highly absorbed in water (absorption coefficient about 12000/cm). Such shallow tissue deposition of laser energy is necessary for laser surgery, and the efficient production of steam for laser enamel ablation in dentistry.
We also supply below material:
|Barium||Ba||99.3%, 99.9%, 99.95%|
|Cobalt||Co||99.9%, 99.95%, 99.99%|
|Chromium||Cr||99.5%, 99.9%, 99.95%|
|Cerium||Ce||Ce/TREM>99.5%, 99.9%, TREM: 99%|
|Dysprosium||Dy||Dy/TREM>99.5%, 99.9%, TREM: 99%|
|Eur||Eu||Eu/TREM>99.95, 99.99%, TREM: 99%|
|Erbium||Er||Er/TREM>99.9%, TREM: 99%|
|Germanium||Ge||99.999%, polycrystal or monocrystal|
|Gadolinium||Gd||Gd/TREM>99.9%, 99.99% TREM: 99%|
|Holmium||Ho||Ho/TREM>99.9%, 99.99% TREM: 99%|
|Lanthanum||La||La/TREM>99.5%, 99.9%, TREM: 99%|
|Lutetium||Lu||Lu/TREM>99.99% TREM: 99%|
|Nickel||Ni||99.9%, 99.98%, 99.995%, 99.999%|
|Neodymium||Nd||Nd/TREM>99.5%, 99.9%, TREM: 99%|
|Praseodymium||Pr||Pr/TREM>99.5%, TREM: 99%|
|Samarium||Sm||Sm/TREM>99.9%, TREM: 99%|
|Silicon||Si||99.999%, 99.9999%,poly or mono crystal, doped or undoped|
|Scandium||Sc||Sc/TREM>99.9%, 99.99% TREM: 99%|
|Terbium||Tb||Tb/TREM>99.9%, 99.99% TREM: 99%|
|Titanium||Ti||99.7%, 99.99%, 99.995%, 99.999%|
|Thulium||Tm||Tm/TREM>99.9%, 99.99% TREM: 99%|
|Ytterbium||Yb||Yb/TREM>99.9%, 99.99% TREM: 99%|